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Date of Award


Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)



First Advisor

Roger Katz

First Committee Member

Kenneth L. Beauchamp

Second Committee Member

Pam Dell Fitzgerald


The present study compared levels of cigarette smoking refusal skills, and assessed generalization to a novel behavior domain among three groups of fifth grade students. A total of 32 students where randomly assigned to one of three groups: (a) a smoking refusal skills group; (b) a multiple domain (smoking, drug and alcohol, and gang activity) refusal skills group; and (c) a group that only discussed the negative health effects of smoking. It was predicted that both skill training groups, in relation to the discussion group, would score significantly higher for refusing cigarettes on self-efficacy and skill performance dependent variables. It was also predicted that the group receiving training in multiple high risk domains would perform best on the untrained measure of refusing an offer to get into a car with a drunk driver. Results did not support either of the two hypotheses. The reasons for this are discussed.



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