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Date of Award


Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)



First Advisor

Roseann Hannon

First Committee Member

Kenneth L. Beauchamp

Second Committee Member

Esther A. Cohen


One hundred eighty five college students (75 male and 110 female) solved 12 anagrams, completed the Bem Sex Role Inventory, and completed a posttest which measured participant's internal and external attributions about the success or failure outcome of the anagram solutions. A 4 x 2 x 2 factorial ANOVA with gender-role type (masculine, feminine, androgynous, or undifferentiated), biological sex, and outcome as the independent variables was used to analyze the outcome scores for internal and external attributions. Contrary to prediction, there was no significant interaction between gender-role identity and outcome. The internal attributions in the success condition for all subjects were significantly greater than internal attributions in the failure condition. There were no other significant main effects or interactions. Results of this study are in agreement with meta-analytic findings which state there are no significant differences between males and females in success/failure attributions.



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