Campus Access Only

All rights reserved. This publication is intended for use solely by faculty, students, and staff of University of the Pacific. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, now known or later developed, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the author or the publisher.

Date of Award


Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)


Pharmaceutical and Chemical Sciences

First Advisor

Bhaskara Jasti

First Committee Member

Xiaoling Li

Second Committee Member

Silvio Rodriguez


Spray drying is widely used in enhancing the aqueous solubility of poorly soluble compounds. In this study, the mechanism of solubility enhancement was characterized using three model drugs-naproxen, ketoprofen and furosemide. Physical mixtures of the model drug with polyvinylpyrrolidine and spray dried composites were subjected to Fourier Transform Infrared Sprectroscopy (FTIR), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Powder X-ray Diffraction (XRPD). The data showed that the crystalline model drugs were converted to amorphous form upon spray drying, whereas the physical mixtures did not change their crystallinity. The effect of the amorphous forms produced by Spray drying on apparent solubility and intrinsic dissolution rate was determined. All the spray dried composites exhibited higher apparent solubility and intrinsic dissolution rate when compared to the pure drugs and their physical mixtures. The stability of the spray dried composites upon storage was also determined. The amorphous nature of the compounds in the spray dried composites were retained during 3 months storage as shown by FTIR, DSC and XRPD characterization and their apparent solubility and intrinsic dissolution rates also did not change.





To access this thesis/dissertation you must have a valid email address and log-in to Scholarly Commons.

Find in PacificSearch Find in ProQuest



If you are the author and would like to grant permission to make your work openly accessible, please email


Rights Statement

Rights Statement

In Copyright. URI:
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).