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Date of Award
Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted
Master of Arts (M.A.)
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
The scant body of research regarding hallucinations shows a significant deficit in the area of definition and measurement of this phenomena. The methods most commonly used are self-report and observation of the client's behavior, such as laughing, talking, mumbling, gesturing, and grimacing to no apparent stimuli. The purpose of the present study was to compare participants' self-report of hallucinations to staff observations of participants' behavior to determine if there was a relationship between them. It was hypothesized that the two reports would correlate significantly, strengthening the case for the validity and usefulness of these approaches as measures of hallucinations. Twenty-eight persons diagnosed with schizophrenia or other major mental illnesses and reporting auditory hallucinations living in a group home participated in the study. Participants reported their symptomology on an hourly basis and these reports were compared to staff reports of 10 possible hallucinatory indicators. Participants were provided with token reinforcement for their participation. Three hundred forty-eight staff and participant reports were correlated using the Pearson Product Moment correlation. The results were nonsignificant at the p $<$.05 level. This indicates that observations made by staff of possible hallucinatory indicators have no reliable relationship to schizophrenics' self-reports of hallucinations.
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Bryson, Catherine Anne. (1997). A correlation of staff reports of hallucinatory indicators and the self-report of auditory hallucinations of persons diagnosed with chronic schizophrenia. University of the Pacific, Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted. https://scholarlycommons.pacific.edu/uop_etds/2684
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