Campus Access Only
All rights reserved. This publication is intended for use solely by faculty, students, and staff of University of the Pacific. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, now known or later developed, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the author or the publisher.
Date of Award
Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted
Master of Science (M.S.)
Pharmaceutical and Chemical Sciences
William K. Chan
First Committee Member
John C. Livesey
Second Committee Member
Jesika S. Faridi
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (Arnt) belongs to the basic helix-loop-helix/Per-Arnt-Sim protein family. Our lab is interested in identifying the protein factors that modulate the Arnt-dependent pathway. We identified a novel Arnt-interacting peptide Ainp2 with an estimated size of 9 kDa. The endogenous Ainp2 protein is not found in MCF-7 cells. Another protein that is of interest to us is β-tubulin. Beta-tubulin is the monomeric subunit of microtubules. I have presented my thesis in two parts: the first part is focused on Ainp2 and the second part is on β-tubulin. The purpose of the first part of my thesis was to investigate whether Ainp2 affects the Arnt-dependent estrogen receptor (ER) pathway via an Arnt-related mechanism. Transient transfection studies in MCF-7 cells revealed that transfected Arnt increases E2-induced, ERE-driven luciferase activity in a dose-dependent manner; however, the enhancement effect of Arnt is significantly suppressed in the presence of Ainp2. The Ainp2 protein was successfully expressed in Sf9 cells and was affinity purified by the TALON metal resin method. Data from co-immunoprecipitation experiments showed that Ainp2 suppresses the interaction between Arnt and ERα in the presence or absence of E2. The aim of the second part of my thesis was to explore the effect of β-tubulin on the Arnt-dependent aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) pathway. My data indicates that human β4-tubulin inhibits 3MC-driven, AhR-dependent luciferase expression. This suppressive effect of β4-tubulin is likely caused by a reduction in the nuclear Arnt content resulting from Arnt retention in the cytoplasm. The findings are certainly intriguing that the Arnt-mediated pathway can be modulated by either Ainp2 or β-tubulin. Limiting the nuclear Arnt function can be an approach to block Arnt-dependent signaling events which are crucial for cancer growth. These findings provide a means for rational drug development.
Zhang, Tianmin. (2010). Effects of Ainp2 and beta-tubulin on the Arnt-dependent signaling pathways. University of the Pacific, Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted. https://scholarlycommons.pacific.edu/uop_etds/2645
To access this thesis/dissertation you must have a valid pacific.edu email address and log-in to Scholarly Commons.Find in PacificSearch Find in ProQuest
If you are the author and would like to grant permission to make your work openly accessible, please email