Campus Access Only
All rights reserved. This publication is intended for use solely by faculty, students, and staff of University of the Pacific. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, now known or later developed, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the author or the publisher.
Date of Award
Dissertation - Pacific Access Restricted
Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)
Educational Administration and Leadership
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
Third Committee Member
The purpose of this research study was to examine the strategies and techniques facilitated by urban middle school administrators to increase student achievement in low performing schools and to meet the Accountability Performance Index growth requirements. Literature concerning the methods used by educational administrators in facilitating academic change in urban education for school improvement was examined. The researcher collected and analyzed three kinds of data: (a) from interviews, (b) from direct observation, and (c) from written documents to better understand how strategies and techniques were implemented. For the purposes of this study, five schools were selected that (a) had similar demographics and student populations, (b) were low performing as outlined by the Academic Performance Index (API) for the State of California, and (c) were required to improve student achievement. All schools implemented a variety of new strategies and techniques that were effective in producing positive results for school improvement. Teachers received additional training in new methods of standards-based instruction. The respondents purchased and utilized a variety of programs that specifically addressed improvement in math, reading, and discipline. Emphasis was also placed on increasing attendance. Suggestions for future research and recommendations for school improvement are included in this dissertation.
9780493646367 , 0493646361
Gayles, Vivian Angelita. (2002). An examination of strategies and techniques facilitated by urban middle school principals to increase student achievement in low -performing schools. University of the Pacific, Dissertation - Pacific Access Restricted. https://scholarlycommons.pacific.edu/uop_etds/2542
To access this thesis/dissertation you must have a valid pacific.edu email address and log-in to Scholarly Commons.Find in PacificSearch Find in ProQuest
If you are the author and would like to grant permission to make your work openly accessible, please email
In Copyright. URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).