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Date of Award


Document Type

Dissertation - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)


Educational Administration and Leadership

First Advisor

Fred Muskal

First Committee Member

Dennis Brennan

Second Committee Member

Donald Larsen

Third Committee Member

Virgina Dixon


This study examines the effort to achieve equal federal education funding for California's children living in poverty. In 1998 California's children living in poverty received an average Title I per pupil expenditure of $603. The national average was $717. Some states received as much as $1,200 per child. Put another way, California had 14.8 percent of America's poor children and received only 11.3 percent of Title I funding. This study addresses a fundamental question. What are the causes of this inequity? It is reasoned that the examination of inequity will provide strategic direction in the achievement of a more equitable policy benefit for all children. This case study of the 2001–2002 effort to reauthorize Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, employs a qualitative and comparative theoretical approach. It begins with a historical examination of the origins, development and processes of the United States Congress. The examination continues with a thorough review of the legislative history of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. These examinations reveal the utility of three theoretical perspectives: elitism, class conflict and pluralist bargaining theories. These theoretical approaches are used in a case study that utilizes a thorough review of the relevant documents, observation of the process and interviews of primary participants to reveal key components in achieving a more equitable educational benefit for California's students living in poverty.




9780542156304 , 054215630X

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