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Date of Award


Document Type

Dissertation - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)


Educational Administration and Leadership

First Advisor

Dennis Brennan

First Committee Member

Michael Elium

Second Committee Member

Antonio Serna

Third Committee Member

Paul Bestolardies


The purpose of this study is to analyze a relationship between adult, male inmate's criminal attitudes and reading level. Data is derived from the secondary assessments, Criminal Sentiments Scale-Modified (CSS-M) and the reading scores from the Test of Adult Basic Education (TABE). The sample size is 112 adult, males incarcerated at California State Prison, Solano (CSP-SOL). A general understanding of an association between reading level and criminal attitudes, and how age and race may influence this association, provides insight into the interaction of risk factors associated with programming and treatment needs, as well as general and specific responsivity. This study examines the association and variance between reading level, criminal sentiments, and race and age. Based on the results, there is insufficient evidence to support that reading level and criminal sentiments are associated, or that reading level or criminal sentiments vary with race or age, even when a moderation analysis is conducted. The relationship between criminal sentiments and reading level; however, approaches statistical significance for those under 29 years of age, suggesting that as reading levels increase, criminal sentiments decrease for this age group.





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