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Date of Award


Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)


Physical Therapy

First Advisor

Darcy A. Umphred

First Committee Member

Rita L. Arriaga

Second Committee Member

J. Carolyn Hultgren


In this climate of increasing diversity in the population of patients requiring Physical Therapy (PT) services, PT educators should prepare students and future clinicians to work competently in culturally diverse environments. To be able to achieve this goal, PT educators should be culturally competent as well. The purpose of this study was to develop and implement a workshop aimed at improving cultural diversity awareness of the University of the Pacific (UOP) PT educators. The seminar content and class materials were developed by the author in close consultation with the workshop facilitator, who is an expert on cultural diversity. These materials were validated by Physical Therapists and cultural diversity experts. To determine the effectiveness of the workshop in improving cultural diversity awareness, the Cultural Diversity Awareness Questionnaire (CDAQ) was developed, validated for content, analyzed for reliability, field tested and pilot tested. Results indicated that the instrument was valid and reliable.

The one-day workshop was presented to twelve academic and clinical faculty of the UOP PT Department. The one group pretest-posttest experimental design was used, with the participants completing the CDAQ before and after the workshop. The attendees also completed a course evaluation at the conclusion of the seminar. Results showed a statistically significant positive change in the pretest/posttest results. This indicated that the workshop was effective in improving cultural diversity awareness of the participants. Results of the workshop evaluation affirmed the achievement of the educational objectives and effectiveness of the facilitator. This study provided-a-solid-initial-foundation-on-which a-comprehensive cultural competence program can be developed.



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