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The effects of music versus silence on measures of state anxiety, perceived relaxation, and physiological responses of patients receiving chiropractic interventions
Date of Award
Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted
Master of Arts (M.A.)
Conservatory of Music
David E. Wolfe
First Committee Member
Audree S. O'Connell
Second Committee Member
This study examined the effects of music versus silence on measures of state anxiety, perceived relaxation, and physiological responses of chiropractic patients prior to and immediately after chiropractic treatment interventions. Thirty subjects were randomly assigned to one of three conditions. The control group (I) was instructed to relax in silence. Experimental group (II) listened to preferred style of music with relaxation instruction. Experimental group (III) listened to new age music with deep-breathing/visualization relaxation instruction. State anxiety inventory, ten-point Likert tension scale rating, and blood pressure measurements were administered before and after chiropractic procedures for each condition. Additionally, a questionnaire was completed post-treatment. Significant differences (12 < .05) were found from pretest to posttest among the three groups for state anxiety and Likert scale ratings for tension. No significance was rendered for physiological measurements across conditions.
Strauser, Jill M.. (1996). The effects of music versus silence on measures of state anxiety, perceived relaxation, and physiological responses of patients receiving chiropractic interventions. University of the Pacific, Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted. https://scholarlycommons.pacific.edu/uop_etds/2296
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