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Date of Award


Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)


Sport Sciences

First Advisor

Glen R. Albaugh

First Committee Member

Christopher R. Snell

Second Committee Member

Martin T. Gipson

Third Committee Member

S. Thomas Stubbs


It was hypothesized that a concentration routine intervention would have a significant positive effect on the performance of intercollegiate golfers. A concentration routine consisted of a preshot and a postshot routine. In addition, this study predicted that a positive relationship would exist between routine execution and golf performance. The seven members of an NCAA Division I female golf team participated in this study.

A one-way factorial design with repeated measures on multiple dependent variables tested the effects of the treatment among three time-frames. The three timeframes were: (a) Pre-treatment, which consisted of the four tournaments prior to the intervention; (b) Treatment-one, which consisted of the three tournaments immediately following the Introduction and Implementation Phases of the intervention; and (c) Treatment-two, which consisted of the three tournaments immediately following treatment-one.

The results indicated that the treatment had a significant effect on golf performance. Subsequent discriminant function analyses and univariate F-tests revealed that scoring differential -- score minus the course rating -- contributed most to the difference in overall golf performance and exhibited a significant treatment effect. On the other hand, (a) percentage of fairways hit, (b) percentage of greens hit in regulation, (c) percentage of up-and-downs, and (d) number of putts per round revealed no significant treatment effect.

A Least Significant Difference (LSD) post hoc test indicated that: (a) Scoring differential increased significantly from pre-treatment to treatment-one; (b) Scoring differential decreased significantly from treatment-one to treatment-two; and (c) Scoring differential decreased significantly from pre-treatment to treatment-two.

A multivariate multiple regression found a significant relationship between routine execution and golf performance. The canonical correlation coefficient (Rc), combined with the canonical correlation coefficient squared (Rc2 ), revealed that a majority of the variance between the sets was shared. Additional canonical correlation analyses indicated that a portion of the variance in the individual measures of golf performance was explained by a linear composite of routine execution. Therefore, for this sample of golfers, it was asserted that routine execution was a significant contributor to golf performance.



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