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Date of Award


Document Type

Dissertation - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)



First Advisor

Dennis Brennan

First Committee Member

Raymond Tom

Second Committee Member

Darwin Sarnoff

Third Committee Member

Rita King

Fourth Committee Member

David P. Baral


The purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect nonpromotion has on the behavioral academic self-esteem, oral language development, and attendance of 50 Hispanic students who were retained in first grade, and 50 Hispanic students who were promoted to second grade. The results will assist in establishing a baseline of knowledge for decisions in setting future district retention policies, rules and regulations, and alternative.instructional programs.



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