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Date of Award


Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)



First Advisor

Henghu Sun

First Committee Member

Tien Roehling

Second Committee Member

Brian Weick


Blast furnace slag (BFS), iron ore tailings (IOT), and coal fly ash (CFA) are common industrial by-products with huge annual yield and low reuse rate (< 30%). This research was intended to prepare high performance glass-ceramics from these three industrial by-products. What's more, two energy saving methods were put forward. One was application of single-stage heat treatment, another was mixing cold solid raw material (IOT, CFA) with melted BFS discharged at 1500 in iron making process instead of mixing all the raw material in room temperature and then heating them to melt. Different binary basicity (MCaO /MSiO2 ) and content of Al2O3 had been studied to determine the best formula for high performance glass-ceramic in terms of mechanical properties. Sample 04 (MCaO /MSiO2 =0.4, Al2O3 wt. %=9%) and Sample 05Al-2 (MCaO /MSiO2 =0.5, Al2O3 wt. %=12%) were found with the highest bending strength, 94 MPa and 89 MPa respectively. In addition, with augite and diopside as primary crystalline phase, they also had a Vickers micro-hardness of 6.2 GPa and 6.3 GPa. When applied single-stage heat treatment, sample H4 obtained a bending strength of 77.89MPa and Vickers micro-hardness of 6.5 GPa, very close to H0. Meanwhile, when applied hot liquid-cold solid mixing method, M3 obtained a bending strength of 80.51 MPa, also very close to M0. Which indicates that these two energy saving method are all feasible to be applied to prepare high performance glass-ceramic.





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