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Date of Award


Document Type

Thesis - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)



First Advisor

Jon F. Schamber

First Committee Member

Randall J. Koper

Second Committee Member

Kenneth D. Day


This study sought to provide more complete information on the relationship of male and female voice-overs to male and female role portrayals in advertisements, patterns between the use of voice-overs and the product advertised, and a comparison of findings with the results of previous research.

The content of a sample of television advertisements broadcast during the summer of 1988 was examined. Voice-overs were found to be predominately male with female voice-overs occurring in just ten percent of those advertisements that used voice-over talent. It was also found that female voice-overs are more likely to be heard in household and hygiene commercials than in an advertisement for any other product. The roles portrayed by men and women in this sample remained consistent with traditional sex-stereotyped norms. The data show that women are still most frequently represented in non-salaried occupations and when represented as professionals fall into traditional accepted occupations such as nursing and caterering. The data indicate that for most of the variables the image of women portrayed in these commercials has changed little in the past ten years.



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