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Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)


Conservatory of Music

First Advisor

Suzanne Hanser

First Committee Member

David Gifford


Thirty subjects undervent minor dental procedures i.e. tooth preparations, hygiene, and cavity fillings. Subjects vere divided into two groups, n=15: the experimental group experiencing music listening of their choice during the procedure, and the control group experiencing their procedure vithout music listening. Experimental subjects were given control over the volume and type of music they listened to and were given instructions as to how the music would work. The control group was given no such instructions. Dependent measures were blood pressure, pulse rate, A-State form of the State Trait Anxiety Inventory, and a Dental Anxiety Inventory based on the State Trait Anxiety Inventory. Results indicated significant differences in pulse rates, but not in blood pressure, and did not indicate significant differences in anxiety ratings though the Dental Anxiety Inventory shoved strong tendencies toward significance



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