Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)



First Advisor

Donald F. Duns

First Committee Member

Martin T. Gipson

Second Committee Member

James J. McIlwrath


The planned, intensive group experience is the most rapidly spreading social invention of the century and, in the opinion of Carl Rogers, may be the most potent one. He recognizes such groups under varied labels such as T-groups, encounter groups, sensitivity training groups, and also as laboratories in human relations or as workshops in leadership, education, or counseling. Because of the emphasis on the fullest development of human potentials in most of these groups the theories and activities connected with them have come to be known as the Human Potential Movement.

The primary purpose of this investigation is to determine whether or not, in a four week winter term, college students undergoing communicative behavior training and self-actualization experiential learning in the encounter group setting will demonstrate change in pre- and postscoring on the Shostrom Personal Orientation Inventory.

The secondary purpose of the investigation is to determine whether or not changes in self-actualization that might appear among the subjects can be visually identified by naïve observers.





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