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Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)



First Advisor

Howard K. Zimmerman, Jr.


Within the past few decades, interest in the field of aminosugar chemistry has been stimulated to a remarkable degree and the discovery and syntheses of a wide range of new aminosugars of differing types, for example of two monoamino-tetroses (12,19), nineteen monoamino-pentoses, two diamino-pentoses, thirty-three monoamino-hexoses, and eighteen diamino-hexoses (20) have been accomplished. It is well undterstood that the aminosugars, significant constituents in mnay biologically important materials (11), consist of substances that may be regarded a teh condesation products of an amine and a carbohydrate. Falling into this category are the 2-amino-hexoses which may be derived conceptually as the condensation of ammonia with carbon atom number 2 or a hexose. (4). Thus, D-glucose is the conceptual parent of D-glucosamine (i.e., 2-amino-2-deoxy-D-Glucose).

D-allosamine is one of the rarer aminosugars about which very little is know concerning chemical properties and derivatives. A few studies have recently been made on the beta series of benzyl D-allosaminides after it was shown by Gross et al. (5) that the use of benzyl N-benzoyl-4, 6-0-benzylidene-β-D-glucosaminide as an intermediate in the synthesis of D-allosamine derivative proved fruitful for large-scale preparation of the β-D-allosaminide derivatives. This basic work has established conditions which have made it possible and desireable to conduct also an investigatin into the chemistry of the alpha series of D-allosaminides. Thus it appeared that a procedure involving the benzyl N-benzoyl-α-D-glucosaminide might well afford the alpha anomeric D-allosaminides.

Although several benzyl N-benzoyl-hexosaminides are known (1,5,20), no information is yet available in the literature about benzyl N-benzoyl-α-D-glucosaminide from the standpoint of chemical properties and derivatives. To explore processes from making derivatives of D-allosamine particularly in the series of alpha-anomers, it is necessary to investigate the chemistry of benzyl N-benzoyl-α-D-glucosaminide and its derivatives, preparatory to an attempt to enter the alphaseries of D-allosaminides. Therefore, the principal interest of this investigation was to prepare and to investigate properties of benzyl N-benzoyl-α-D-glucosaminide and its derivatives, and to explore its utility as a possible precursor for the preparation of benzyl 3-0-benzoyl-α-D-allosaminide hydrochloride by the method analogous to the synthesis of the corresponding beta-anomer.



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