Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)



First Advisor

Gordon Zimmerman

First Committee Member

Paul Winters

Second Committee Member

Lawton Harris


The 1958 gubernatorial campaign brought an end to the active political career of William Fife Knowland who, for over a quarter of a century, had served his state of California and his nation. As a member of the California State Legislature, Knowland held the offices of State Assemblyman from 1933 to 1935 and of State Senator from 1935 to 1939. In addition to these state offices, Knowland was a member of the Republican National Committee in 1938 and was chairman of the Republican National Executive Committee from 1941 to 1942. His political career was interrupted from 1942 to 1945 when he served the United States Army, rising from the rank of private to that of Major. While serving in Europe, Knowland was appointed United States Senator from California to fill an unexpired term. Elected to the office of United States Senator in 1946 and again in 1952, Knowland served as Senate leader for the Republican party from 1953 to the end of his term in 1956 when he announced his decision to run for governor of California.

It was the purpose of this study to analyze and critically evaluate the use of artistic proofs in selected 1958 campaign speeches of William Fife Knowland.