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Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)



First Advisor

Not Listed


great deal of confusion exists among elementary

school teachers, supervisors, and administrators regarding the kinds of experiences children should have in an elementary school science program. The confusion has been intensified by two opposing philosophies. One group would establish a rigid sequence of science experiences for each grade level; another group would relegate science to an inferior position in relation to other elementary school subjects. The net result has been that science instruction is often dependent upon the amount of effort that individual teachers are willing to exert. science is far too vital in modern living to be left to the caprice of individual teachers.





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