Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)



First Advisor

Lloyd M. Bartholf


Every state has a compulsory school attendance law, and yet at any time during the school year approximately 12 percent of the children will not be in school - cannot very well be in school, because of some physical, mental, or emotional handicap, either temporary or permanent.

These absentees are what are now often called the “exceptional” children, including the blind and partially-blind, the deaf and hard-of-hearing, the speech-defective, the crippled, the delicate, the epileptic, the mentally deficient, those with serious social maladjustments, together with those who are temporarily out of school because of a disease or accident. The total number of absentees from the regular public schools of the United States for such causes as the above amounted in 1948 to approximately 4,000,000 children as compared to approximately 30,000,000 children of school age. A great many of these are cared for in special schools or special classes (the number of crippled children registered, to mention but one category, now reaches over 500,000), and this number is increasing yearly. However, there are also children for whom the public, through its public schools, feels a definite responsibility. As a result, there has grown a considerable program in connection with the public schools for the education of that group known as the “homebound.”





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