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Date of Award


Document Type

Dissertation - Pacific Access Restricted

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)


Educational and School Psychology

First Advisor

Linda Webster

First Committee Member

Amy Scott

Second Committee Member

Justin Low

Third Committee Member

Lynn Beck


The present study focuses on how a father's supportive presence during interactions with his child influences his/her social outcomes in adolescence. Ethological theories of attachment provide a theoretical basis for the investigation of father-child interactions because they provide us with an explanation regarding how and why child-caregiver relationships function to influence a child's development and later social functioning. Structural equation modeling was used to construct a theoretical model by which fathering behaviors influence later psychosocial outcomes, particularly impulse control and risky behaviors during adolescence. For boys, supportive mothering behaviors had a greater influence on impulse control than supportive fathering behaviors. The opposite was true for girls. For girls, supportive fathering behaviors had a greater influence on impulse control than supportive mothering behaviors. Impulse control served a partial mediating effect between supportive parenting behaviors and risk-taking behaviors. For sons, supportive mothering behaviors had a significant positive impact on impulse control during adolescence. Conversely, for daughters, supportive fathering behaviors—but not supportive mothering behaviors—had a significant positive impact on impulse control during adolescence. In fact, supportive mothering behaviors had an insignificant effect on daughters' impulse control during adolescence,





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