Campus Access Only
All rights reserved. This publication is intended for use solely by faculty, students, and staff of University of the Pacific. No part of this publication may be reproduced, distributed, or transmitted in any form or by any means, now known or later developed, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, or other electronic or mechanical methods, without the prior written permission of the author or the publisher.
Date of Award
Dissertation - Pacific Access Restricted
Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)
Curriculum and Instruction
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
The ability to think creatively has been recognized as a skill necessary for design students’ personal and professional development and success. Therefore, in recent years, the core educational aim of design education in China shifted emphasis from training students in skills such as drawing and painting, toward encouraging them to be creative and become problem-solvers. Based on a non-equivalent control group, pretest- posttest design, this quasi-experimental study examined the effectiveness of a creativity course in developing creative thinking in Chinese university design students. The researcher developed a ten-week course plan in concordance with Davis’ AUTA model (1982) (a model of creativity development based on Awareness, Understanding, Techniques, and Self-Actualization) to improve students’ creative thinking. This research design used a convenience sample of two first-year design classes that comprised a treatment group of 31 students and a control group of 31 students, making a total of 62 participants. The treatment group took the ten-week creativity training course, whereas the control group did not attend the course. ANCOVA was used to analyze the pretest and posttest scores for the Figural Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking. The results showed there were significant differences between the treatment group and control group on overall posttest scores and three subscores of creativity thinking in Fluency, Originality and Elaboration. Although there were no significant differences in two subscores of creative thinking, the treatment group did show improvement on all five subscores. The results demonstrated that the ten-week creativity training course improved design students’ creativity level, especially in the overall creative thinking. Recommendations for both educational policy makers and educators based on this study include: a) allowing creativity enhancing instruction as separate courses to become an integral part of the design educational process and no longer consider it as the inessential of the design curricula; b) providing students more opportunities to use creative skills and creative thinking techniques to solve real design problems; c) providing pre-service and in-service teacher training programs to implement creativity instruction effectively.
Zhu, Hua. (2015). The effectiveness of a creativity course on developing Chinese design students' creative thinking. University of the Pacific, Dissertation - Pacific Access Restricted. https://scholarlycommons.pacific.edu/uop_etds/12
To access this thesis/dissertation you must have a valid pacific.edu email address and create an account for Scholarly Commons.Find in PacificSearch Find in ProQuest
If you are the author and would like to grant permission to make your work openly accessible, please email