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Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)


Physical Education


The improvement of physical performance has long been a problem of great importance to athletes, coaches, and physical educators. Many different methods and techniques of coaching, conditioning, and motivation have been utilized in an effort to push the participant to his top or ultimate performance.

There is much conjecture as to whether this optimum or top level of performance can be raised by artificial stimulation after peak condition has been reached and the skills involved in the performance have been mastered. According to Boke, stimulants are widely used today by athletes in all types of competition. He groups the substances used into four classes: (a Food preparations, including the sugars, vitamins, phosphates, and salts; (b) Oxygen; (c) Artificial sunshine; and (d) Pharmaceutical substances, including the ‘dopes’ which influence the nervous system, heart, and circulation.