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Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (M.A.)


Modern Languages

First Advisor

Frederick E. Sternhauser


The life of Heinrich Heine presents many contradictions. He was a militant Hebrew who never held to the tenets of the Jewish faith, a Christian who admired Jesus, but despised the dogmas of Christianity, a German who loved his country with all his heart but became a voluntary expatriate. In addition, he was a poet who could rise to the very heights or lyricism, but then offend his readers with an outburst of mockery or blasphemy. With a mind so tormented, and a character so complex, it is no wonder that his writings present so many conflicting views. Only one positive trait stands out bravely and convincingly, which gives color and direction to all his writings; his love of freedom, political and intellectual and his hatred of tyranny, in the state and in the Church.



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