Electrical and Computer Engineering
Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A
The authors have studied the impact of epilayer strain on the deposition of InAs/GaAs on (100) and (111)B with 2° offset toward⟨2-1-1⟩ surfaces. Consequences of a 7% lattice mismatch between these orientations in the form of three-dimensional growth are less apparent for (111)B with 2° offset toward⟨2-1-1⟩ surfaces compared to (100). By exploring a range of molecular beam epitaxy process parameters for InAs/GaAs growth and utilizing scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy to evaluate the quality of these strained layers, the authors develop empirical models that describe the influence of the process conditions in regards to surface roughness with >92% accuracy. The smoothest InAs/GaAs samples demonstrated average surface roughness of 0.08 nm for 10 μm2 areas, albeit at very low deposition rates. The authors have found the most important process conditions to be substrate temperature and deposition rate, leading us to believe that controlling diffusion length may be the key to reducing defects in severely strained structures. InGaAs/AlGaAs quantum cascade laser structures were also produced on (111)B with 2° offset toward⟨2-1-1⟩ to take advantage of the piezoelectric effect, and the modified laser transitions due to these effects were observed.
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Triplett, G. E.,
Pseudomorphic Growth of InAs on Misoriented GaAs for Extending Quantum Cascade Laser Wavelength.
Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A, 31(6),