Increased antioxidant capacity does not attenuate muscle atrophy caused by unweighting
Previous studies have increased antioxidant capacity in skeletal muscle to attenuate oxidative stress and muscle atrophy during limb immobilization (Appell HJ, Duarte JAR, and Soares JMC. Int J Sports Med 18: 157-160, 1997; Kondo H, Miura M, Nakagaki I, Sasaki S, and Itokawa Y. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 262: E583-E590, 1992). The purpose of this study was to determine the level of oxidative stress in muscle during hindlimb unweighting (HLU) and whether antioxidant supplementation can attenuate the atrophy and changes in contractile properties resulting from 14 days of unweighting. Muscle unweighting caused a 44% decrease in soleus (Sol) and a 30% decrease in gastrocnemius (GS) mass, a 7% decrease in body weight, and 28% decrease in tetanic force in the GS. Protein carbonyls increased by 44% in the Sol with HLU. Antioxidant supplementation did not attenuate the GS or Sol atrophy or the decrease in GS force generation during HLU. Sol and GS protein concentration was not different between groups. The GS was also subjected to three different oxidative challenges to determine whether the supplement increased the antioxidant capacity of the muscle. In all cases, muscles exhibited an increased antioxidant capacity. These data indicate that antioxidant supplementation was not an effective countermeasure to the atrophy associated with HLU.
Journal of Applied Physiology
Koesterer, Thomas; Dodd, S. L.; and Powers, Scott, "Increased antioxidant capacity does not attenuate muscle atrophy caused by unweighting" (2002). All Faculty Scholarship. 96.