Navigating the Intersection between Persistent Pain and the Opioid Crisis: Population Health Perspectives for Physical Therapy
The physical therapy profession has recently begun to address its role in preventing and managing opioid use disorder (OUD). This topic calls for discussion of the scope of physical therapist practice, and the profession's role, in the prevention and treatment of complex chronic illnesses, such as OUD. OUD is not just an individual-level problem. Abundant scientific literature indicates OUD is a problem that warrants interventions at the societal level. This upstream orientation is supported in the American Physical Therapy Association's vision statement compelling societal transformation and its mission of building communities. Applying a population health framework to these efforts could provide physical therapists with a useful viewpoint that can inform clinical practice and research, as well as develop new cross-disciplinary partnerships. This Perspective discusses the intersection of OUD and persistent pain using the disease prevention model. Primordial, primary, secondary, and tertiary preventive strategies are defined and discussed. This Perspective then explains the potential contributions of this model to current practices in physical therapy, as well as providing actionable suggestions for physical therapists to help develop and implement upstream interventions that could reduce the impact of OUD in their communities.
Davenport, Todd E.; Devoght, Andra C.; Sisneros, Holly; and Bezruchka, Stephen, "Navigating the Intersection between Persistent Pain and the Opioid Crisis: Population Health Perspectives for Physical Therapy" (2020). All Faculty Scholarship. 14.