Title

Art or Fart: Does Art Therapy Have an Effect on Stress Levels?

Poster Number

22A

Lead Author Major

Psychology

Lead Author Status

Sophomore

Format

Poster Presentation

Faculty Mentor Name

Zsolt Palatinus

Faculty Mentor Email

zpalatinus@pacific.edu

Faculty Mentor Department

Psychology

Graduate Student Mentor Name

Leah Ward

Abstract/Artist Statement

Previous research demonstrated positive effects with utilizing gestalt art principles to alleviate stress in sexually abused women (Pretorius, G. & Pfeifer, N., 2010). Our study examines if gestalt principles can reduce stress levels as opposed other images that could possibly evoke stress within a more generalized population like college students. Our preliminary study consisted of two conditions, gestalt principles and chaotic art. Participants took a pre-assessment questionnaire to measure initial stress levels. Then, subjects were randomly assigned to view a video consisting of images that either depicted gestalt principles or chaotic art. After viewing the images, subjects took a post-assessment questionnaire to analyze the effect of the type of art they were shown. An independent samples t-test was conducted, the data revealed a significant difference between the effects of gestalt principles and the effects of chaotic art. To further our investigation, a third group was added and consisted of “random” images that did not utilize gestalt principles nor were they considered to be chaotic forms of art. Each individual was still prompted to complete a pre- and post- assessment to measure their stress levels before and after viewing the images. Data collection is ongoing. Participants are 30 University of the Pacific students recruited from SONA Systems. Data will be analyzed using a repeated measures ANOVA statistical test. Final results, graphs depicting our data, limitations, and discussion will be included on our poster.

Location

DeRosa University Center, Ballroom

Start Date

29-4-2017 10:00 AM

End Date

29-4-2017 12:00 PM

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Apr 29th, 10:00 AM Apr 29th, 12:00 PM

Art or Fart: Does Art Therapy Have an Effect on Stress Levels?

DeRosa University Center, Ballroom

Previous research demonstrated positive effects with utilizing gestalt art principles to alleviate stress in sexually abused women (Pretorius, G. & Pfeifer, N., 2010). Our study examines if gestalt principles can reduce stress levels as opposed other images that could possibly evoke stress within a more generalized population like college students. Our preliminary study consisted of two conditions, gestalt principles and chaotic art. Participants took a pre-assessment questionnaire to measure initial stress levels. Then, subjects were randomly assigned to view a video consisting of images that either depicted gestalt principles or chaotic art. After viewing the images, subjects took a post-assessment questionnaire to analyze the effect of the type of art they were shown. An independent samples t-test was conducted, the data revealed a significant difference between the effects of gestalt principles and the effects of chaotic art. To further our investigation, a third group was added and consisted of “random” images that did not utilize gestalt principles nor were they considered to be chaotic forms of art. Each individual was still prompted to complete a pre- and post- assessment to measure their stress levels before and after viewing the images. Data collection is ongoing. Participants are 30 University of the Pacific students recruited from SONA Systems. Data will be analyzed using a repeated measures ANOVA statistical test. Final results, graphs depicting our data, limitations, and discussion will be included on our poster.