The use of a metacognition and contemplation intervention in improving student abilities to recognize order entry errors
Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning
Background and purpose: To describe a pilot study testing a metacognition and contemplative pedagogy intervention designed to improve student abilities to identify errors on orders entered into a computerized provider order entry (CPOE) system. Educational activity and setting: Student teams worked up five patient cases and entered new orders into a CPOE system. All orders entered by teams were analyzed for errors and faculty members identified fifteen orders representing the top errors and selected these for the pre-exercise, in-class contemplation activity, and post-exercise. Course instructors instructed students to identify all errors on these orders. Students completed a pre/post-survey rating their ability to enter new orders. Two weeks later, students worked up a new patient case and entered orders into the CPOE. These orders were graded and scores were compared to the 2017 cohort to determine any differences in error rates. Findings: Study participants included 205 students The average score of correctly identified errors increased from 22% on the pre-exercise to 62.8% on the post-exercise. On the survey of their skills, students rated their ability to “accurately enter medication orders into the [electronic health record] EHR” more highly after the intervention. The 2017 cohort made 73 errors on 170 orders compared to 45 errors on 165 orders by the 2018 cohort. Summary: Based on improvements in student ability to identify order entry errors and overall positive student feedback, this strategy may be adopted by other educators looking to improve student identification of errors on orders entered into a CPOE system.
Galal, S. M.,
Rogan, E. L.,
Patel, S. P.,
The use of a metacognition and contemplation intervention in improving student abilities to recognize order entry errors.
Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning, 13(5), 544–549.