Differential effects of high consumption of fructose or glucose on mesenteric arterial function in female rats

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Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry







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We have recently shown that type of supplemented simple sugar, not merely calorie intake, determines adverse effects on metabolism and aortic endothelial function in female rats. The aim of the current study was to investigate and compare the effects of high consumption of glucose or fructose on mesenteric arterial reactivity and systolic blood pressure (SBP). Sprague–Dawley female rats were supplemented with 20% w/v glucose or fructose in drinking water for 8 weeks. Here, we show that both sugars alter insulin signaling in mesenteric arteries (MA), assessed by a reduction in phosphorylated Akt, and increase in SBP. Furthermore, ingestion of glucose or fructose enhances inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression and contractile responses to endothelin and phenylephrine in MA of rats. The endothelium-dependent vasodilation to acetylcholine and bradykinin as well as the relaxation responses to the nitric oxide donor sodium nitroprusside are impaired in MA of fructose- but not glucose-supplemented rats. In contrast, only glucose supplementation increases the expression of phosphorylated endothelial NOS (eNOS) in MA of rats. In conclusion, this study reveals that supplementation with fructose or glucose in liquid form enhances vasocontractile responses and increases iNOS expression in MA, effects which are accompanied by increased SBP in those groups. On the other hand, the preserved vasodilatory responses in MA from glucose-supplemented rats could be attributed to the enhanced level of phosphorylated eNOS expression in this group.