Title

The product of the gene GEF1 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae transports Cl - across the plasma membrane

Document Type

Article

Publication Title

FEMS Yeast Research

ISSN

1567-1356

Volume

7

Issue

8

DOI

10.1111/j.1567-1364.2007.00279.x

First Page

1218

Last Page

1229

Publication Date

12-1-2007

Abstract

Expression of GEF1 in Xenopus laevis oocytes and HEK-293 cells gave rise to a Cl channel that remained permanently open and was blocked by nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino) benzoic acid and niflumic acid. NPPB induced petite-like colonies, resembling the GEF1 knock-out. The fluorescent halide indicator SPQ was quenched in a wild-type strain, in contrast to both a GEF1 knock-out strain and yeast grown in the presence of NPPB. Immunogold and electron microscopy located Gef1p in the plasma membrane, vacuole, endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus. Eleven substitutions in five residues forming the ion channel of GEF1 were introduced; some of them (S186A, I188N, Y459D, Y459F, Y459V, I467A, I467N and F468N) did not rescue the pet phenotype, whereas F468A, A558F and A558Y formed normal colonies. All the pet mutants showed reduced O consumption, small mitochondria and mostly disrupted organelles. Finally, electron microscopy revealed that the plasma membrane of the mutants develop multiple foldings and highly ordered cylindrical protein-membrane complexes. All the experiments above suggest that Gef1p transports Cl through the plasma membrane and reveal the importance of critical amino acids for the proper function of the protein as suggested by structural models. However, the mechanism of activation of the channel has yet to be defined. © 2007 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. - - 2

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