MS2Assign, automated assignment and nomenclature of tandem mass spectra of chemically crosslinked peptides
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
In a previous report (Young et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2000, 97, 5802-5806), we provided a proof-of-principle for fold recognition of proteins using a homobifunctional amine-specific chemical crosslinking reagent in combination with mass spectrometry analysis and homology modeling. In this current work, we propose a systematic nomenclature to describe the types of peptides that are generated after proteolysis of crosslinked proteins, their fragmentation by tandem mass spectrometry, and an automated algorithm for MS/MS spectral assignment called "MS2Assign." Several examples are provided from crosslinked peptides and proteins including HIV-integrase, cytochrome c, ribonuclease A, myoglobin, cytidine 5-monophosphate N-acetylneuraminic acid synthetase, and the peptide thymopentin. Tandem mass spectra were obtained from various crosslinked peptides using post source decay MALDI-TOF and collision induced dissociation on a quadrupole-TOF instrument, along with their automated interpretation using MS2Assign. A variety of possible outcomes are described and categorized according to the number of modified lysines and/or peptide chains involved, as well as the presence of singly modified (dead-end) lysine residues. In addition, the proteolysis and chromatographic conditions necessary for optimized crosslinked peptide recovery are presented.
Row, R. H.,
Gibson, B. W.,
Young, M. M.
MS2Assign, automated assignment and nomenclature of tandem mass spectra of chemically crosslinked peptides.
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 14(8), 834–850.