2‑Aminoethoxydiphenyl Borate Perturbs Hormone Sensitive Calcium Stores and Blocks Store Operated Calcium Influx Pathways Independent of Cytoskeletal Disruption in Human A549 Lung Cancer Cells
Recent studies have identified novel actions for 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2-APB) in triggering calcium release and enhancing calcium influx induced by the depletion of intracellular calcium stores. In this study, we have examined the effects of 2-APB on the human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cell line, which we have previously shown displays a unique calcium influx response, when ER calcium stores are depleted by thapsigargin (TG) treatment. Here, we show that low concentrations of 2-APB failed to induce the rapid augmentation of TG-activated calcium influx previously reported for other cell types. We observed that store-operated calcium (SOC) channels in the A549 cell line exhibited short-term sensitivity to low doses of 2-APB, perhaps reflecting a delayed augmentation of SOC channel activity or the recruitment of 2-APB-insensitive SOC channels. In both intact and permeabilized cells, 2-APB effectively discharged a subset of A549 calcium pools corresponding to the hormone-sensitive intracellular calcium stores. The 2-APB-induced calcium release produced a long-lasting perturbation of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-releasable calcium pools, effectively uncoupling ATP-activated calcium release even, when stores are replenished with calcium. In contrast to previous reports, we found that disruption of either the actin or microtubule-based cytoskeleton failed to block the 2-APB-induced effects on calcium signaling in A549 cells. Our study describes novel cytoskeletal-independent effects of 2-APB on Ca2+-signaling pathways, revealing differentially sensitive Ca2+-influx pathways and long-term perturbation of hormone-sensitive Ca2+ stores.
Livesey, J. C.,
Thomas, D. W.
2‑Aminoethoxydiphenyl Borate Perturbs Hormone Sensitive Calcium Stores and Blocks Store Operated Calcium Influx Pathways Independent of Cytoskeletal Disruption in Human A549 Lung Cancer Cells.
Biochemical Pharmacology, 69(8), 1177–1186.