John Muir


[John Muir]


[Annie] Wanda [Muir]



[in margin: If you write as soon as you get this or a few days afterwards address me at Helena Montana
Also address me a letter at Mamoth Springs Yellowstone Park]


July 5th 1896

My dear Wanda.

I am now fairly on my way west again & a thousand miles nearer you than I was a few days ago. We got here this morning after a long ride from Chicago. by we I mean Proffessors Sargent, Brewer & Hague & General Abbott--all interesting wise men & grand company. it was dreadfully hot the day we left Chicago but it rained before morning of the 4th & so that day was dustless & cool & the ride across Iowa was delightful That state is very fertile & beautiful The cornfields & wheatfields are




boundless or appears so as we skim through them on the cars. & all are rich & bountiful looking flowers in bloom line the roads & tall grasses & bushes the surface of the ground is rolling with hills beyond hills many of them crowned with trees I never before knew that Iowa is so beautiful & unexhaustibly rich.
Nebraska is monotonously level like a green grassy sea-no hills or mountains in sight for hundreds of miles [illegible] two are cornfields without end & full of promise this year after three years of famine from drouth. South Dakota is dry & desert like until you get into the Black Hills, that



is big the way came. The Black Hills get their name from the dark color they have in the distance from the pine forests that cover them. The pine of thse woods is the ponderosa or yellow pine, the same as the one that grows in the Sierra, Oregon, Washington, Nevada Utah Colorado Montant Idaho Wyoming & all the West in general. No other pine in the world has so wide a range or is so hardy at all heights & under all circumstances & conditions of climate & soil. This is near its eastern limit & here it is interesting to find that many plants of the Atlantic & Pacific soples meet & grow well together. Today is hot but the fine hotel is cool. Sargent & Gen Abbot & I took a walk in the woods before lunch. Here are a few flowers I gathered. We are going to Deadwood tomorrow & thence up the highest of the Black Hills or mountains rather & thence to the Rocky Mountains. I hope you are all well. I feel fairly well now I am moving homeward. Love to all


Hot Springs, S.D.

Date Original

1896 Jul 5


Original letter dimensions: 24 x 15 cm.

Resource Identifier


File Identifier

Reel 09, Image 0282

Collection Identifier

Online finding aid for the microform version of the John Muir Correspondence

Copyright Statement

The unpublished works of John Muir are copyrighted by the Muir-Hanna Trust. To purchase copies of images and/or obtain permission to publish or exhibit them, see

Owning Institution

Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library. Please contact this institution directly to obtain copies of the images or permission to publish or use them beyond educational purposes.

Copyright Holder

Muir-Hanna Trust

Copyright Date



2 pages


Environmentalist, naturalist, travel, conservation, national parks, John Muir, Yosemite, California, history, correspondence, letters



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