John Muir


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82 Nov 18th Clear biting frost, +7 [degrees]? 6150 Top hill view Fine forest on E slope of range from Butte Valley to Shasta Valley. Lava all the way, Yel & sugar pines, Doug? spruce Libocedrus (sparse) picea [grandis] concolor & p [pinus] contorta Sugar p [pine] not ab [abundant] Yel p [pine] very fine. Contarta small groves (alt 6000) Doug spruce, very fine slender Large tracts burned all trees off Trees trimmed to 50 ft high

83 Mahonia [oleandand] 19th Stratified white chalk-like rock in Shasta Valley Evidences of gl [glacial] denudation clearer here than near Tule Lake & Klamath. Chiefly in form of residual rock as table rock. Most of cave & mound & table rocks of Shasta Val [Valley] have longer dia's [diameters] towards Mt Shasta -- are residual masses & have few if any craters Big Spring Shasta Val [valley] very large & lake like (50 yds dia [diameter] or more) Main source of Shasta river undoubtedly derived from Mt Shasta. The melting snow & ice first sinking beneath folds of porous & fissured lava

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 9 x 14.5 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist