John Muir


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13th [mild] [ ] [ ] [wind] [all] the night & day. Crossed over to the [Tuolumne] valley [of] [ ] [between] Matterhorn creek & divide Gls [Glaciers] here were broad & [shallow] Beautiful gl [glacier] basin on [S] [south] of Mammoth Mtn [Mountain] Also two very large with fluted sides. Crater like belonging to great Tuol [Tuolumne] Valley. Rocks lifted by ice in winter from freezing of [sm] [small] cracks Also where domed in structure slid down mtn [mountain] side after manner of avalanche. May be known from earthquake avals [avalanches] by polished side remaining uppermost

The air on divide full of insects & [when] seen in the [sunlight] with the protected by crest of mtn [mountain] they all appear like [transparent] flecks of silver So also does the edge of the rocks & bushes stiff wind was blowing. The insects in it drifting like chaff. Some large enough to show [flutter] of wings also some flying against the wind have observed [air] full of cobwebs above summit of Lyell also silvered, none of these insects or webs at all visible under other circumstances


Camped for the night near [right] Lyell gl [glacier] on steep mtn [mountain] side at elevation of 11250. V [Very] cold & V [very] windy Difficult getting wood yet more so getting water Climbed mtn [mountain] side & brought down hatful of snowballs enough for coffee night & morning, built up a place for fire with rocks to keep wood from rolling down hillside Also for a bed Wild [wind] blowing frosty night. Bread about done

Hope for home tomorrow or next day.


[sketch: snow section 20 ft high; pass Minarets 11300 [fth] [ft high]; [Sep]]

[Found with San Joaquin sketches E. [ ] P.]

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 15 x 18 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist