John Muir


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14 4th [or 3rd up] about 40 ft. very broken. 3rd much divided islands with trees in middle huge lobes bright in sun mighty wall on N avalanche boulders Div [divide] can [canyon] above Big Casc [Cascade] trib [tributary] W 5 N Div [divide] can [canyon] from below Big Casc [Cascade] W 25 S Alt [Altitude] 6240 valley at Big Casc [Cascade] trib [tributary]. Big Cas [Cascade] ½ m [mile] or ¾ long filled with grand trees, huge angular blocks brought by the ice cover more than half surface. [Pointer] rock at head of this valley grand walls 300 ft. on S [ribbed] like ship. Show controlling action of N 35 seams on N wall not quite so high. Gl [glacier] polished. Part of dam wh [which] on S side shows the upward motion of ice in escaping from lake. 15 Alt [Altitude] river when it brushes the front of the [watchers] grand [ ] Mtns splendidly bossed in front. 6000. Juniper 26 ft 3 miles cir [circumference) here. Alt [Altitude] Log Bridge camp 1 m above Cath [Cathedral] Cascade 5850. Descent [1 ½] ms [miles]? 390ft. Humming birds in valley [grosbeak], Balt [Baltimore] Oriole Patches of snow (July 2nd 1873) [yet] on the walls [S] side as low as W of Grand Mtn.

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 10 x 16.5 cm.

Resource Identifier



Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist