steamer to its source in Lake Ladoga, a magnificent sheet of water about 45 miles from Petersburg, with forested shores. At the foot of the lake, a canal down which immense rafts of small logs and firewood, chiefly birch and sylvestris pine are hauled by horses starts and connecting with which are lakes and streams and other canals by which the Volga is reached, so that one may sail all the way from here to the Caspian Sea. Here is an old town, full of rough looking rafters and sailors, who drink much vodka, and often get drunk. A dirty, ancient disorderly place, hundreds of years old. Just at the foot of the lake in the middle of the river current there is a small island covered by a fortress built by Peter the Great. It is now used as an immense isolated silent prison for important prisoners who sink out of sight here as if buried at the bottom of the water. Only the highest officials are said to know who are in it and the reasons
Original journal dimensions: 9.5 x 16 cm.
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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist