John Muir


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preconceived notions derived from engravings, is on the whole delicately formed, the muzzle long and straight, the end of the muzzle blunt and cow-like, finely formed nostrils, skin of black, also of lips. The neck narrow, tapery, but little and rather deep, and held, when standing at ease, sloping down a little, the large males with long hair under the neck. The body is round, almost cylindrical, the belly not at all bloated and bent downward and outward like that of a cow, rising gently at shoulder and over the rump and ending with a very short tail. The legs slim and straight, elegantly tapering into the muscles of the shoulder and hip. The feet very board, spreading so that they make a track large as a cow, thus fitting the animal to walk on tundra and snow. The toes spread wide, points even turn up, very unlike the sharp trim track of the common deer. Rutting begins in September, and the young are brought forth by the time the snow begins to melt in spring.

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 11.5 x 21 cm.

Resource Identifier



Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist