John Muir


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are saxifrages and poppies. Some slopes so closely planted with the latter as to give a yellow color visible at a hundred yards or so. The mass of the color is made up of mosses and lichens. A gray moss, not Sphagnum, is very abundant and an orange and red; also a white lichen, tall; and the stones are covered with dark scale lichens, Draba, 2 Comps., one willow, Silene, 2 sedges, and a grass, gray and green chiefly. The sun was shaped like an urn, was twice the ordinary size like a harvest moon, and crimson with dark bar in the middle, a long bar of crimson reflected on the ice far into the heart of the mysterious Polar Sea. Calm and impressive beyond description. Wrangel Land in plain sight, with its mountains and snow and foregrounds dark and bare 40 miles away. A long stretch of coast, perhaps 75 or 100 miles visible. After we all got gathered back to the ship and were just getting under way, the Captain discovered a

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 11.5 x 21 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist