John Muir


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of the shore cliffs, seeking fossils. Discovered only 4, all plants. Went 3 miles westward. Heavy snowbank, leaning back in the shadow most of the distance, almost changing to ice; very deep and of several years formation – not less than 40 ft. in many places. The cliffs of bluffs are from 200 to nearly 400 ft. high, composed of sandstone, coal, and conglomerate, the latter predominating. Great thickness of sediments; a mile or more visible on upturned edges, which give a furrowed surface by unequal weathering. Some good coal; bituminous burns well. Veins 40 ft. thick, more or less interrupted by clayey or sandy strata. Fossils not abundant. While I was scratching the rocks for some light on the history of their formation, 8 canoe-loads of Eskimos with all their goods, tents, children, etc., passed close along the shore, going towards Icy Cape; all except one were drawn by dogs from 3 to 5 to each canoe; attached by a long string of walrus hide and driven by a woman, or half-grown girl,

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 11.5 x 21 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist