John Muir


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80 of the main range tend to show that the preglacial conditions were as suggested above The more abruptly the land rises from the sea to the main ice shed the shorter of course will be the fiords. The less abruptly the longer other conditions being equal. The more homogeneous the rock as to physical structure the plainer the resulting features produced by or developed by glacial action. Though the granite so far seen is weak on account of development of clvg [cleavage] planes close together it still is far from being equally so, & considerable variation is presented along the walls of fiords & canons but no precipices of great height or breadth. 200 or 300 ft [feet] vertical & plain is about as great as I have seen.

81 Most of the granite has the same neutral gray purplish color it has in the Sierra & Alaska mtns. [mountains] from minute lichens & algae -- pale gray the natural color. No dome structure seen as yet. In many places the granite is bedded & curved like stratified rocks on the Hardanger F [Fjord]. In the canon extanding from the head of the Hardanger F [Fjord] there are many taluses formed no doubt by a grand earthquake no trees are growing on them to enable one to approximate to their age. but all seem to have been formed simultaneously & are dark colored & quite old, a century or two at least I guess. Some of the bowlders 40 or 50 ft [feet] cube but mostly moderate in size

Date Original

June 1890


Original journal dimensions: 9 x 14.5 cm.

Resource Identifier



Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist