John Muir


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78 [Sketch:] Gl [glacier] Hardanger F [Fjord]

Hardanger F [Fjord] July 25 We arrived at head of Hardanger F [Fjord] at 9 PM. A grand sail [between] ranges of rocks & mtns [mountains] reaching 2000 to 4000 ft [feet] Gray massy licheny with a rather [thin] clothing of grass heaths & bushes of birch. & willow on the less steep portions & a few pines [quite] small

79 here & there. The mtns [mountains] are mostly massive & well rounded up to 3000 or more having all been heavily overswept by the general ice mantel, & though many portions show scoring few are polished owing I suppose to constant rains or nearly so & the kind of rock. The cleavage plans nearly universally developed, & closely so rendering the granite very readily erodable by glacial action. It is to this weakness as opposed to ice action that the great depth of many of these fiords is due while their great length seems to indicate a comparatively low & broad stretch of land risign gently from the sea to the axis of the main mtn [mountain] range This broad residual gls [glaciers] living on rounded tablelands & the moderate height

Date Original

June 1890


Original journal dimensions: 9 x 14.5 cm.

Resource Identifier



Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist