John Muir


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then Oak [openings] thru sage plains black lava protruding farther on abundance of bunch grass. Then a few trees of P contorta gradually [more] abundant. [than] mixed with P ponderosa then Spruce [ ] then Thuja? all becoming more dense until a close forest is reached as we approach Pen de Oreille Lake. tall slender 100 ft h or less, woods now on fire v hazy. Woods resemble [those] on head of Makenzie Small birch. larch ? great deposits of [rolled] boulders along [shores] Pen de Oreille & Clark fork granite glaciated & slate Elevation 2000 ft. [Shosone] Spokane Falls near track large hotel. Heavy [ ] [until] [dark][fine] bold [ ] Mtns [3000] ft [ ] by ice. Some [granite] [losses] but little [weathered]

This is the [Canyon] of Clark [fork] fire in woods elevation 20 ms above E of Pen de Oreille about 2200 ft. Passed thru tunnel at Sunrise 2nd day elevation per bar. 5500 ft [thence] thru grassy valley to the [Gallatin]. fine stream. down to 4000 then to 5000 & another tunnel. & down a [fine] val [ ] [ ] to basin of Yellowstone. At Livingston 4200 ft ascend val of Yellowstone From mtn views. Up the Yellowstone to [ ] [in] wide [level] val grassy with patches of [cultivation] wheat. & both mtns on either side gray [ashen] [ribbed] few trees [little] snow Fine dashing clear water Cedar 2 lvd [leaved] Pine , D. Sp. Road passes over many miles of old deposit from hot springs.

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 10 x 17 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist