John Muir


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studied them carefully,) to rest in a narrow trough extending from a point about 15 miles from Victoria nearly to Cape Mudge, a distance of 130 miles. The rocks associated with the coal are sandstones, conglomerates and shales, abounding in fossil plants and marine shells, and resembling in general appearance and degree of metamorphism the true carboniferous of some parts of Eastern America. On the Nanaimo area there are now three Companies at work – the Vancouver, Wellington and Harewood. The first two carry their coal to the wharf by short railroads on which locomotives are used, while the other has a wire tramway suspended. The only other portion of the field that is worked is near Comox, about 60 miles from Nanaimo. All these coals are bituminous and of excellent quality, and being so accessible on the edge of salt water, are very valuable. The veins are mostly about 6 or 6 ft. thick. The seams worked in the Harewood mine are from 5 to 6 ft. and 3 ft., the two seams being separated only about 4 ft. Two seams are also worked in the Vancouver mine 6 and 3 ft respectively. In the Wellington mine there are two seams 9 and 6 ft. thick, only the former of which is worked. About Comox the extent of productive measures is probably greater than about Nanaimo, though being only recently discovered little has been done in the way of testing it. A company have completed the necessary wharf and works. On three river sections, two of {Sketch: Near Fort Rupert V.I.}

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Original journal dimensions: 8.5 x 13.5 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist