John Muir


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23 up the ground [ ] into hills & mtns [mountains] some of them 5000 ft h [high] timbered everywhere mostly with Douglas spruce, with rich under growth of hazel dogwood maple & poplar. The ground beneath all carpeted plushed velveted with mosses. Five feet deep. The woods burned in many places leaving forests of black & grey masts. Mosses in large [bossy] masses on the branches of living & dead trees giving a very striking character Yellow. The Indians are expert canoe men. Their canoes are mostly [quite large] 30 ft long 5 ft wide with long beaks dug out of [Thuja] trunks. The tool used is a narrow [adz] often nothing more than a small rectangular bit of iron or steel tied to a [arrow to bottom on next page]

24 There is such depth of [repose] [Inch] perfect suffering in wild nature here the forests so lavishly watered from the sky the clouds so fruitful of rain & mist & dew [eriog] leaf so tenderly bathed & washed & [laved] The mountains [fountains] so laden with ice & snow so tenderly shaded hard rock & soft moss in such [contact] [Where] pine & the oak maple & ash grow green & fresh there. may men also flourish An exuberant [content] & tranquility broods over this cool Norland permeating filling every cell of life such happy fragrant roses such happy showy leaves.

crooked stick to give it the desired inclination. Every [true] Indian is capable of reckless

Date Original



Original journal dimensions: 9 x 14.5 cm.

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Holt-Atherton Special Collections, University of the Pacific Library

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John Muir, journals, drawings, writings, travel, journaling, naturalist