John Bidwell


John Muir


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020823we descended was the Stanislaus river, a tributary of the San Joaquin, both names to us being then unknown. Our party was now entirely out of provisions. One of the last two oxen had been killed before we began the climb, the other when in mid journey down the western slope. The oxen become so poor that the bones contained no marrow. Fires 020824had desolated the mountians and it seemed impossible to find or kill any game. It took about three weeks to get over the great chain, and during that time no game was killed except one wildcat and one crow. The last ox gone, mules and horses could not be spared, except when some became too poor to travel or crippled by falling down precipitous places and so were our only resource


Chico, Calif.

Date Original



Original letter dimensions: 22.5 x 14.5 cm.

Resource Identifier


File Identifier

Reel 09, Image 0130

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Owning Institution

University of the Pacific Library Holt-Atherton Special Collections. Please contact this institution directly to obtain copies of the images or permission to publish or use them beyond educational purposes.

Page Number

Page 4


John Muir, correspondence, letters, author, writing, naturalist, California, correspondent, mail, message, post, exchange of letters, missive, notes, epistle