John Muir


[Joseph] Le Conte


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[letterhead:] Pen Sentinel Hotel, A. C. BLACK, Proprietor. Yo Semite Valley, _______________, 187is followed by flowers & grasses, & the deer that feed on them. In like manner in the glacial Springtime, the ice line moved steadily upward followed by Arctic plants as closely as climate & food would allow, just as deer follow the snow line, & furthermore as deer often times linger in small herds about favorite meadows & shelters while the main deer zone goes unhalting to the summits, so have small herds of Arctic plants lingered in sheltering bogs of grateful shade supplied by special climate conditions of small range But as plants of the sun year are not simultaneously diffused over all the mtns from foothills to summits, but are compelled to move upward in a bell between two fires of frost & glazing drouth, So these ascending arctic plant nations of cori[illegible], Kalmias, Ledums, Gentians, peat-mosses, dwarf willows etc, have been driven to their present position in a narrow zones between similar f[illegible] instead of being allowed simultaneous-universal empire. Between the [semitropical?] grasses & woody compositions of the foothills & the brown-spiked frostloving sedges that bloom at the foot of the glaciers, there is no unoccupied space, - not even a line of separation to mark off this complex flora into distinct chapters. The different floral zones are spliced & welded - they blend as do zones of color in


New Sentinel Hotel Yo Semite Valley

Date Original

1872 Apr 27


Original letter dimensions unknown.

Resource Identifier


File Identifier

Reel 02, Image 0809

Copyright Statement

The unpublished works of John Muir are copyrighted by the Muir-Hanna Trust. To purchase copies of images and/or obtain permission to publish or exhibit them, see

Owning Institution

The Bancroft Library, University of California at Berkeley. Please contact this institution directly to obtain copies of the images or permission to publish or use them beyond educational purposes.

Copyright Holder

Muir-Hanna Trust

Copyright Date


Page Number

Page 3


John Muir, correspondence, letters, author, writing, naturalist, California, correspondent, mail, message, post, exchange of letters, missive, notes, epistle