Date of Award



Department of Orthodontics

First Advisor

Heesoo Oh

First Committee Member

Jorook Park


Introduction: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) surgery with counterclockwise rotation on soft tissue oral and nasal structures. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study included 34 subjects diagnosed with OSA who underwent MMA at the Stanford Sleep Clinic. Initial (T1) and Final (T2) CBCTs were evaluated and compared for 10 hard tissue and 15 soft tissue measurements. Additionally, the external nasal valve surface area was measured and compared between the two time points. A 3D superimposition was performed and used to evaluate the relative hard and soft tissue movements. Results: There was a linear correlation in the advancement of the maxilla to the sagittal movement of the upper lip of 75%, while the mandibular soft tissue moved 91-93% of the mandibular sagittal position. The interalar width and mouth width increased significantly following surgery while the lower vermillion border length decreased significantly. There was a clinically significant increase in the average surface area of the external nasal valve by 28%. No correlations were found between maxillary impaction and soft tissue oral or nasal measurements. Conclusion: MMA with CCW results in significant changes to the soft tissue nose and oral region. Soft tissue planning must be considered to maintain desirable esthetics following surgery.