Date of Award



Department of Endodontics

First Advisor

Johnah Galicia

First Committee Member

Craig A. Dunlap, DDS

Second Committee Member

Johnah C. Galicia, DMD, PhD, MS

Third Committee Member

James Chen, DDS, PhD, MPH


In December 2019, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was first identified as an acute infectious disease in Wuhan, China and subsequently led to an ongoing pandemic. At the onset of the pandemic, dental professionals were understood to face the greatest exposure risk to SARS-Cov-2 due to aerosolization of fluids from the oral cavity and respiratory airways . As a result, dental professionals, including academic institutions and their students and residents halted much of their operations to minimize exposure risks and potentially slow the spread of infection to peers and patients alike. Currently, there is little in the literature that describes the changes that academic institutions have implemented in the face of pandemics. This study will discuss the chronology, modifications, and possible resultant outcomes of COVID-19 related events in respect to Graduate Endodontic programs in the United States.